COVID-19 AND COMORBIDITIES
Background: The coronavirus disease (Covid 19) is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The virus has spread globally, causing millions of deaths.
Aim: This study was made with the aim of revealing the clinical features of corona virus infection, as well as assessing the prevalence of comorbidities in patients infected with coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
Methods: In this analysis the data was obtained from the hospital information system, involving patients who were treated for Covid-19, in the period January 1 until April 8, 2021.
Results: 400 infected patients were included in the study, 86.2% of whom had comorbidities, and 8.8% without comorbidities. The results showed that the most common clinical symptom is fever in 62%, followed by difficulty breathing in 53%, and cough in 42%. The most prevalent comorbidities were cardiac 68.3%, then endocrinological 33.8%, surgical 16.5%, neurological 15%, oncological 12%, nephrological 11%, and pulmonary 10%. The existence of a significant association between the presence of comorbidities and the patients suffering from COVID-19 on mechanical ventilation due to treatment complications was determined, p=0.000 (p<0.05) at the 95% significance level.
Conclusion: We assessed the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with COVID-19 and found that underlying disease, including cardiac and endocrinological diseases, may be a risk factor for severe forms of the disease.
Key words: Covid-19, clinical features, comorbidities