Microalbuminuria as an independent risk factor for heart failure in the elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Enisa Karić, Zumreta Kušljugić, Enisa Ramić, Olivera Batić- Mujanović, Amila Bajraktarević, Larisa Hudić Dizdarević, Sabina Kušljugić, Ena Karić, Miralem Musić

Abstract


Introduction:

The study evaluated of microalbuminuria as a predictor of heart failure in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.

Materials and methods:

The prospective study conducted in a period of time from 01-Feb-2007 to 01-Feb-2010.The study included 100 patients with type 2 diabetes, who had diabetes longer than 5 years. All subjects (average age 66 ± 10 years, 33% male, 67% female) were tested for the presence of microalbuminuria, and 50 patients had microalbuminuria. The second group comprised 50 patients without of microalbuminuria with diabetes mellitus type 2.

Results:

In the patients with microalbuminuria and diabetes mellitus were found 22% of heart failure and 6% in the second group. Average time to the occurance of heart failure in the first group was 32,5 months, in the second group was 35,3 months.

Conclusions:

The results show that microalbuminuria is an independent risk factor for heart failure in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 and microalbuminuria. Patients without microalbuminuria had 3,7 less likely to development heart failure compared to patients with microalbuminuria and diabetes mellitus.


Keywords


microalbuminuria, heart failure, diabetes mellitus type 2

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DOI: 10.5457/ams.v49i2.496